TABLE OF CONTENTS

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Chapter 1 LOSS OF POWER OVER WATER 1
The Amelia Earhart Mystery (Howland Island, 1937) 1
Captain Coolly Announces No Engines Working (Jakarta, 1982) 11
Pilot Struggling with Hijacker Ditches off Beach (Comoros, 1996) 15
A330 Glides Eighty Miles Over Atlantic to an Island (Azores, 2001) 17
Where Did The “Miracle” on The Hudson Lie? (NYC, 2009) 21

Chapter 2 LOSS OF POWER OVER LAND 31
Conscientious Crew Forget How Much Fuel Left (Portland, 1978) 31
Miscalculation Meant Only Half the Fuel Loaded (Gimli, 1983) 39
TACA Deadstick Landing on Grass Levee (New Orleans, 1988) 45
Avianca 52 Copilot Failed to Say “Emergency” (New York, 1990) 47
BA 777 from Beijing Loses Thrust on Late Final (Heathrow, 2008) 55

Chapter 3 RUNWAY OVERRUNS 59
“Safest Airline’s” 100 mph Overrun (Bangkok, 1999) 59
Air France A340 Overruns, Catches Fire in Gully (Toronto, 2005) 69

Chapter 4 MIDAIR COLLISIONS AND TCAS 71
Midair Collisions at Grand Canyon and New York City (1956, 1960) 71
PSA 182 727 Collides with Cessna (San Diego, 1978) 77
Worst-ever Midair Collision (New Delhi, 1996) 79
Two Japan Airlines Jumbos in Near Miss (Japan, 2001) 81
Distraught Father Assassinates Controller (Lake Constance, 2002) 83

Chapter 5 GROUND COLLISIONS 87
Worst-ever Multi-Aircraft Disaster (Tenerife, 1977) 87
747 Takes Off on Blocked Runway in Heavy Rain (Taipei, 2000) 97
UK Skyvan Pilots Unable to Follow French ATC (CDG, 2000) 103
Cessna Crosses Runway As SAS MD-11 Takes Off (Milan, 2001) 105

Chapter 6 CONTROL SYSTEMS COMPROMISED 111
DC-10 Cargo Door Opens Inflight (Windsor-Detroit, 1972) 111
DC-10 Cargo Door Opens Fatally Inflight (Paris, 1974) 117
DC-10’s Textbook Speed Seals Fate of AA191 (Chicago, 1979) 121
Worst-ever Single-aircraft Disaster (Japan, 1985) 125
Boeing 737 Rudder Quirk Took Years to Demonstrate (1991/1994) 135
Northwest 747 Lower Rudder Hardover (Anchorage, 2002) 143
DHL Airbus Maneuvered by Engine Power Alone (Baghdad, 2003) 145

Chapter 7 FIRE AND SMOKE 149
Fire in Varig 707 Toilet on Approach to Orly (Paris, 1973) 149
Did Captain Fatally Delay Evacuation for King? (Riyadh, 1980) 151
737 Stops with Fire Upwind (Manchester, UK, 1985) 155
737 Pilots Shut Down Wrong Engine (Kegworth, UK, 1989) 157
Fierce O2-fed Fire in ValuJet Cargo Hold (Everglades, 1996) 165
The TWA-800 Controversy (JFK Outbound, 1996) 171
Swissair 111 Cockpit Fire (JFK Outbound, 1998) 173
Fragmenting Tire Dooms Supersonic Concorde (Paris-CDG, 2000) 177
China Airlines 737 Catches Fire at Stand (Okinawa, 2007) 183

Chapter 8 PILOT ISSUES 185
Uptight BEA Trident Captain’s Heart Attack (Staines, 1972) 185
Colonel on Korean Air Cargo Flight Banks Too Far (Gatwick, 1999) 190
Overcontrolling Copilot Swishes off Airbus Tail (NYC, 2001) 191
Weary Colgan Air Pilots Gossip Before Stall (Buffalo, NY, 2009) 199

Chapter 9 PILOT CRASHES AIRCRAFT INTENTIONALLY? 205
SilkAir Flight 185 in Near-Vertical Dive (Indonesia, 1997) 205
Was EgyptAir Flight 990 a Matter of Revenge? (JFK Outbound, 1999) 210
Suicidal Germanwings Pilot Locks Out Captain (French Alps, 2015) 216

Chapter 10 UNCONTAINED ENGINE DISINTEGRATION 218
“Uncontrollable” DC-10’s Miracle Landing (Sioux City, 1989) 218
Masterful Handling of Stricken A380 (Singapore, 2010) 224

Chapter 11 METAL FATIGUE 232
The Hidden Flaw of The World’s First Jetliner (1952 to 1954) 232
Flexing Aloha 737 Lands with Passengers Exposed (Hawaii, 1988) 238

Chapter 12 TURBULENCE, ICE, AND WIND SHEAR 246
Sightseeing BOAC 707 Breaks Up (Mount Fuji, Japan, 1966) 246
Wind Shear, Microbursts, and Wake Turbulence (1982 and 1985) 250
Ice Builds Up Behind De-Icing Boots of Turboprop (Chicago, 1994) 254
Moment of Turbulence Results in a Death (off Japan, 1997) 256

Chapter 13 CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT) 258
Autopilot Disengages as Pilots Fiddle with Bulb (Everglades, 1972) 258
Pre-programmed to Hit Mount Erebus (Antarctica, 1979) 260
Air Inter Airbus A320 Plows into Mountain (Sainte-Odile, 1992) 268
757 Captain Selects Wrong Beacon, Loses Way (Cali, 1995) 272
757 Hits Sea as ATC Confirms Altitude 9,700 Feet (Lima, 1996) 276
On Taking Over the Aircraft, Captain Forgets Timer (Busan, 2002) 282

Chapter 14 UNIQUE CASES 284
Taxiing with Brakes on to Clear Fog, Etc. (Zurich, 1963) 284
Teen Survives Two-Mile Free Fall in Just Her Seat (Peru, 1971) 286
Rogue Controller Deletes Data (JFK, 1979 or 1980) 290
747’s Terrifying 30,000-Foot Plunge (Pacific, 1985) 292
747 Cargo Hold Door Opens Midflight (Honolulu, 1989) 296
China Airlines and El Al 747F Engine Mounts (1991 and 1992) 300
In-Flight Deployment of Thrust Reversers (Lauda Air and TAM) 302
Captain’s Son Disengages A310 Autopilot (Russia, 1994) 304
Autopilot Takes Unconscious Pilots to Destination (Greece, 2005) 308

Chapter 15 MILITARY ACTION 314
Korean Airlines Flight 902 Off Course (Kola, Russia, 1978) 314
Korean Airlines Flight 007 Off Course (Sakhalin Island, 1983) 316
US Warship Downs Iranian Airliner (Persian Gulf, 1988) 318
MH17 777 Shot Down by SAM Missile (Ukraine, 2014) 326

Chapter 16 TERRORISM 328
Air India 747—Deadliest Bomb on a Plane (North Atlantic, 1985) 328
Failed Precursor to 9/11 (Marseille, 1994) 330
Bomb under Seat Was Trial for Bojinka Plot (Okinawa, 1994) 334
9/11—World Trade Center and Pentagon (USA, 2001) 337
Liquid Bomb Plot Changed Flying Forever (UK to US, 2006) 345
Amateur “Shoe Bomber” and “Underpants Bomber” 347

Chapter 17 “COMPUTERS WORK IN MYSTERIOUS WAYS” 349
Preening A320 Crashes at Local Air Show (Habsheim, 1988) 349
Indian Airlines A320 in Wrong Descent Mode (Bangalore, 1990) 357
In-flight Upset of Qantas QF72 A330 (off North Australia, 2008) 361
AF447 Pilots Turned Glitch into Disaster (South Atlantic, 2009) 365
By “Pull Down!” Captain Did Not Mean Pull Stick (Java Sea, 2014) 385

Chapter 18 SINGULAR CASES 389
Plane Fell from The Sky with Pilots’ Reputation (Saginaw, 1979) 389
Was Disappearance of MH370 Almost the Perfect Crime? (2014) 395
Overreliance on Automation in Visual Context (San Francisco, 2013) 403

CONCLUSION 407

INDEX 409
Acknowledgments 415
Author 417

MULTIPLE COPIES for organizations 417